Keeping the Promise?

The Senate Oath of Office:

I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties of the office on which I am about to enter: So help me God.

This is the central commitment of every member of the United States Senate: to support and defend the Constitution of the United States. Not to support and defend the American people. Not to support and defend the land itself. To support and defend the binding contract we Americans make with ourselves and each other, the American Constitution.

The Irregular Times Oath Of Office Index for the 110th Congress measures the extent to which our Senators actually support and defend the Constitution in their legislative actions. Do your Senators support or oppose the central tenet of Americanism: support for the Constitution? Or in their opposition to the Constitution have your Senators embraced unAmericanism? Have your Senators been faithful to or violated their solemn oath of office? Check our index and find out.
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Senator Daniel Akaka, Democrat of Hawaii . Oath of Office Index Score: 50/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Akaka)
Senator Lamar Alexander, Republican of Tennessee . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Alexander)
Senator Wayne Allard, Republican of Colorado . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Allard)
Senator Max Baucus, Democrat of Montana . Oath of Office Index Score: 17/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Baucus)
Senator Evan Bayh, Democrat of Indiana . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Bayh)
Senator Robert Bennett, Republican of Utah . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Bennett)
Senator Joseph Biden, Democrat of Delaware . Oath of Office Index Score: 50/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Biden)
Senator Jeff Bingaman, Democrat of New Mexico . Oath of Office Index Score: 50/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Bingaman)
Senator Christopher Bond, Republican of Missouri . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Bond)
Senator Barbara Boxer, Democrat of California . Oath of Office Index Score: 33/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Boxer)
Senator Sherrod Brown, Democrat of Ohio . Oath of Office Index Score: 67/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Brown)
Senator Sam Brownback, Republican of Kansas . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Brownback)
Senator Jim Bunning, Republican of Kentucky . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Bunning)
Senator Richard Burr, Republican of North Carolina . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Burr)
Senator Robert Byrd, Democrat of West Virginia . Oath of Office Index Score: 50/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Byrd)
Senator Maria Cantwell, Democrat of Washington . Oath of Office Index Score: 33/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Cantwell)
Senator Benjamin Cardin, Democrat of Maryland . Oath of Office Index Score: 67/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Cardin)
Senator Thomas Carper, Democrat of Delaware . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Carper)
Senator Saxby Chambliss, Republican of Georgia . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Chambliss)
Senator Robert Casey, Democrat of Pennsylvania . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Casey)
Senator Hillary Clinton, Democrat of New York . Oath of Office Index Score: 33/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Clinton)
Senator Tom Coburn, Republican of Oklahoma . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Coburn)
Senator Thad Cochran, Republican of Mississippi . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Cochran)
Senator Norm Coleman, Republican of Minnesota . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Coleman)
Senator Susan Collins, Republican of Maine . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Collins)
Senator Kent Conrad, Democrat of North Dakota . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Conrad)
Senator Bob Corker, Republican of Tennessee . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Corker)
Senator John Cornyn, Republican of Texas . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Cornyn)
Senator Larry Craig, Republican of Idaho . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Craig)
Senator Mike Crapo, Republican of Idaho . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Crapo)
Senator Jim DeMint, Republican of South Carolina . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. DeMint)
Senator Christopher Dodd, Democrat of Connecticut . Oath of Office Index Score: 67/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Dodd)
Senator Elizabeth Dole, Republican of North Carolina . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Dole)
Senator Pete Domenici, Republican of New Mexico . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Domenici)
Senator Byron Dorgan, Democrat of North Dakota . Oath of Office Index Score: 17/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Dorgan)
Senator Richard Durbin, Democrat of Illinois . Oath of Office Index Score: 33/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Durbin)
Senator John Ensign, Republican of Nevada . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Ensign)
Senator Michael Enzi, Republican of Wyoming . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Enzi)
Senator Russell Feingold, Democrat of Wisconsin . Oath of Office Index Score: 83/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Feingold)
Senator Dianne Feinstein, Democrat of California . Oath of Office Index Score: 50/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Feinstein)
Senator Lindsey Graham, Republican of South Carolina . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Graham)
Senator Chuck Grassley, Republican of Iowa . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Grassley)
Senator Judd Gregg, Republican of New Hampshire . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Gregg)
Senator Chuck Hagel, Republican of Nebraska . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Hagel)
Senator Tom Harkin, Democrat of Iowa . Oath of Office Index Score: 50/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Harkin)
Senator Orrin Hatch, Republican of Utah . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Hatch)
Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison, Republican of Texas . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Hutchison)
Senator James Inhofe, Republican of Oklahoma . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Inhofe)
Senator Daniel Inouye, Democrat of Hawaii . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Inouye)
Senator Johnny Isakson, Republican of Georgia . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Isakson)
Senator Tim Johnson, Democrat of South Dakota . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Johnson)
Senator Edward Kennedy, Democrat of Massachusetts . Oath of Office Index Score: 83/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Kennedy)
Senator John Kerry, Democrat of Massachusetts . Oath of Office Index Score: 33/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Kerry)
Senator Amy Klobuchar, Democrat of Minnesota . Oath of Office Index Score: 17/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Klobuchar)
Senator Herb Kohl, Democrat of Wisconsin . Oath of Office Index Score: 17/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Kohl)
Senator Jon Kyl, Republican of Arizona . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Kyl)
Senator Mary Landrieu, Democrat of Louisiana . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Landrieu)
Senator Frank Lautenberg, Democrat of New Jersey . Oath of Office Index Score: 50/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Lautenberg)
Senator Patrick Leahy, Democrat of Vermont . Oath of Office Index Score: 83/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Leahy)
Senator Carl Levin, Democrat of Michigan . Oath of Office Index Score: 33/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Levin)
Senator Joseph Lieberman, Independent of Connecticut . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Lieberman)
Senator Blanche Lincoln, Democrat of Arkansas . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Lincoln)
Senator Trent Lott, Republican of Mississippi . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Lott)
Senator Richard Lugar, Republican of Indiana . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Lugar)
Senator Mel Martinez, Republican of Florida . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Martinez)
Senator John McCain, Republican of Arizona . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. McCain)
Senator Claire McCaskill, Democrat of Missouri . Oath of Office Index Score: 17/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. McCaskill)
Senator Mitch McConnell, Republican of Kentucky . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. McConnell)
Senator Robert Menendez, Democrat of New Jersey . Oath of Office Index Score: 50/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Menendez)
Senator Barbara Mikulski, Democrat of Maryland . Oath of Office Index Score: 17/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Mikulski)
Senator Lisa Murkowski, Republican of Alaska . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Murkowski)
Senator Patty Murray, Democrat of Washington . Oath of Office Index Score: 17/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Murray)
Senator Bill Nelson, Democrat of Florida . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Nelson)
Senator Ben Nelson, Democrat of Nebraska . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Nelson)
Senator Barack Obama, Democrat of Illinois . Oath of Office Index Score: 50/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Obama)
Senator Mark Pryor, Democrat of Arkansas . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Pryor)
Senator Jack Reed, Democrat of Rhode Island . Oath of Office Index Score: 33/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Reed)
Senator Harry Reid, Democrat of Nevada . Oath of Office Index Score: 33/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Reid)
Senator Pat Roberts, Republican of Kansas . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Roberts)
Senator John Rockefeller, Democrat of West Virginia . Oath of Office Index Score: 17/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Rockefeller)
Senator Ken Salazar, Democrat of Colorado . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Salazar)
Senator Bernard Sanders, Independent of Vermont . Oath of Office Index Score: 67/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Sanders)
Senator Charles Schumer, Democrat of New York . Oath of Office Index Score: 50/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Schumer)
Senator Jeff Sessions, Republican of Alabama . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Sessions)
Senator Richard Shelby, Republican of Alabama . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Shelby)
Senator Gordon Smith, Republican of Oregon . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Smith)
Senator Olympia Snowe, Republican of Maine . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Snowe)
Senator Arlen Specter, Republican of Pennsylvania . Oath of Office Index Score: 17/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Specter)
Senator Debbie Stabenow, Democrat of Michigan . Oath of Office Index Score: 33/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Stabenow)
Senator Ted Stevens, Republican of Alaska . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Stevens)
Senator John Sununu, Republican of New Hampshire . Oath of Office Index Score: 17/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Sununu)
Senator Jon Tester, Democrat of Montana . Oath of Office Index Score: 33/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Tester)
Senator Craig Thomas, Republican of Wyoming . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Thomas)
Senator John Thune, Republican of South Dakota . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Thune)
Senator David Vitter, Republican of Louisiana . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Vitter)
Senator George Voinovich, Republican of Ohio . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Voinovich)
Senator John Warner, Republican of Virginia . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Warner)
Senator Jim Webb, Democrat of Virginia . Oath of Office Index Score: 0/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Webb)
Senator Sheldon Whitehouse, Democrat of Rhode Island . Oath of Office Index Score: 50/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Whitehouse)
Senator Ron Wyden, Democrat of Oregon . Oath of Office Index Score: 50/100. (Review the Progressive Scorecard of Sen. Wyden)

Legislation Constituting the Oath of Office Index for the Senate in the 110th Congress:
The FISA Amendments Act not only makes the misnamed Protect America Act permanent, but even expands upon it in its gutting of the Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. H.R. 6304 sets up a system:

* For the federal government to spy on you electronically
* Reading your email
* Listening to your telephone calls
* Watching what web pages you visit
* Following your financial transactions
* More than that, for the federal government to engage in physical searches
* Of your home
* Of your office
* Of your car
* Without any explanation of why they are doing it
* Without the ability of a judge to even stop it
* Without oversight by Congress
* Letting the government use information it obtains illegally
* Giving telecommunications companies retroactive immunity for helping the government do this, even when it was expressly against the law to do so

When a President of the United States has this kind of power at his disposal, she or he cannot be stopped. The power of the president becomes total and the president becomes a totalitarian. A Senator affirmed his or her Oath of Office by voting against the FISA Amendments Act.
S. 1927, the Protect America Act was passed by both houses of Congress in 2007 to replace judicial warrants with executive prerogative and substitute blank checks for reasons. The Protect America Act gave the Attorney General and the Director of National Intelligence the power to spy on your emails, your web surfing, your telephone calls and other electronic communications. All this was carried out without a warrant, which is required by the Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

Under the Protect America Act, there was no supervision of the spy programs run by the Bush administration except by the Bush administration itself. No one had the power to stop them any more. They could search your records, sift through your private messages, watch you go from web page to web page, on the pretext of protecting America from terrorists, all without a search warrant. No one had the power to tell them no.

A Senator affirmed his or her Oath of Office by voting against S. 1927.
From the transfer of Total Information Awareness into the National Security Agency under codenames like topsail and basketball, through warrantless wiretape, seizures of massive amounts of cell phone and email records, and even the systematic entry of the DNA of innocent Americans into gigantic government databases, we have seen a dramatic effort by the government to watch over the most personal aspects of our lives. Thanks to these secretive government programs, Americans can no longer assume that their postal mail, email, phone calls, commercial activity, and other kinds of personal activity are at all private.

Through it all, there has been almost no congressional oversight. Now, a few senators are asking for that to change. Two bills have been introduced this year that would force the White House to cooperate with efforts by Congress to gain oversight of the growing network of government databases used to spy on Americans. The bills, S.236 and S.495 (entitled the Federal Agency Data Mining Reporting Act of 2007 and the Personal Data Privacy and Security Act of 2007, respectively), are co-sponsored by a small group of senators.

A Senator affirms his or her Oath of Office by cosponsoring S. 236 or S. 495.
The prisons at Guantanamo Bay are a stain on American justice, a gulag set up in order to evade U.S. and international law and to perfect the cruel science of "alternative interrogation." Guantanamo is polluting the reputation of the United States. The effort to keep the prisons of Guantanamo open is corroding American liberty.

Two bills stand before the United States Senate with the aim of shutting down the Guanatanamo Bay center for indefinite detention. The Guantanamo Bay Detention Facility Closure Act of 2007, introduced to the United States Senate by Iowa Democrat Tom Harkin, would require the closure of the Guantanamo Bay prisons within 120 days.

S. 1249, sponsored by California Democrat Diane Feinstein, gives George W. Bush one year to close the Guantanamo gulag down.

A Senator affirms his or her Oath of Office by cosponsoring S.1469 or S.1249.
S. 576 is a bill proposed in the Senate to repeal many of the most onerous features of the Military Commissions Act. If passed, some of its main acts would be to:
  • Restore the right of habeas corpus for people detained by the U.S.
  • Narrow the definition of the MCA term "unlawful enemy combatant" to individuals who directly participate in attacks against the United States.
  • Let United States detainees invoke the ethical codes of the Geneva Conventions again.
  • Let U.S. detainees obtain a civilian lawyer for their defense.
  • Prohibit the use of evidence garnered through torture.
  • Prohibit the use of hearsay, upon the judge's discretion.
  • Let juries know how statements were obtained from detainees.
  • Permit federal appeals courts to review the decisions of military commissions.


In short, S. 576 would restore respect for the Constitution and a modicum of humanity to the government of the United States. A Senator affirms his or her Oath of Office by cosponsoring S. 576.